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Rising Interest Rates: The Economic Impact for All Parties Involved with the Broadway Plan

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Vancouver’s Broadway Plan received approval from City Council on June 22, 2022 and came into effect on September 1, 2022. The 30-year redevelopment strategy to infuse live, work, and play opportunities in the Broadway area was in the making for over a decade; its launch coincided with a tumultuous economic shift. Despite the current climate, Vancouver’s Broadway Plan has a significant role in the city’s economic future.

Interest rates will invariably be a key consideration for developers. To date, 2022 has proved challenging, with the Bank of Canada increasing targets for the overnight rate since March. In April, the target sat at 1%. Currently, the target rate sits at 3.75%. While the economy responds, the Bank anticipates inflation will fall to approximately 3% in late 2023 and 2% in 2024. Nevertheless, all parties involved with the Broadway Plan need to consider the implications of a market with interest rates in flux, including the scale of urban revitalization through redevelopment, job creation, and the transformation of more traditional commercial space.

While challenging, interest rate increases bring a necessary shift for the economy

Interest rates are impacting the decisions that developers and landowners involved with the Broadway Plan are making. Borrowing costs have soared, and it is becoming increasingly difficult to pursue affordability. If inflation came under control, it would be helpful for developers. Yet, considering only one aspect of the overall economic picture is not realistic. “While interest rates rising presents an unexpected situation, the huge increase in construction costs has also been weighing on the market for a year or longer,” noted Adam Jacobs, Senior National Director of Research at Colliers.

Non-residential construction costs rose by 2.1% in the third quarter of 2022, while residential building construction costs increased by 2.5%, per Statistics Canada data representing quarterly change. Construction costs began to rise due to supply chain challenges amid the pandemic, and inflation is placing further pressure on the sector.

The economic situation today is creating winners and losers. Cash-rich investors or developers who refrained from entering the market over the past two years and are not reliant on borrowing capital may now have the ability to make the numbers work for long-term projects.

“I don't view rising rates as necessarily a bad thing. Things are balancing out between key players entering the market and pursuing opportunities right now,” said Jacobs. When interest rates rise, it helps the Canadian dollar, which has lost significant value in the last year. “That has partly contributed to why costs are so high because we have to import from Europe, Asia, and the U.S., and the Canadian dollar has decreased in value.” A stronger Canadian dollar may help control some of the increased costs associated with interest rate hikes.

Redevelopment fits into the long-term vision for Broadway

The Broadway Plan addresses the redevelopment of the Broadway Corridor. Today, this corridor consists largely of local retailers, low-density residential and service-oriented commercial properties . Susan Thompson, Associate Director of Research at Colliers, discussed in a recent report on the Broadway Plan how an “all-encompassing vision” is needed to “create a dense, vibrant, walkable, livable, and desirable community that incorporates diverse housing options, activities, entertainment, and employment.”

Bigger-picture redevelopment of the area is needed, and Vancouver already has an appetite for it. “There’s going to be more transit and an increasing focus on sustainability instead of sprawl,” said Jacobs. The Broadway Plan’s vision to link transit to the University of British Columbia (UBC) via the Millennium Line extension will allow for connectivity between the city of Vancouver and the Broadway Corridor, primed to become Vancouver’s second downtown. The Broadway Plan also aims to create up to 30,000 additional housing units to accommodate both the city’s anticipated population growth and increased immigration to the region.

“There's a lot of interest in mixed-use development for the Broadway area, not exclusively condos, but complete communities. There's going to be new office space, services and retail components, and possibly hotels,” said Jacobs. There is no ideal course of action for developers planning to launch projects in the area; the case will differ depending upon the product and term of development.

A strong job market demands office space and creative use

The Canadian job market remains strong, with unemployment down and 108,000 positions filled in October. The unemployment rate in B.C. hovered at 4.2% for the month, and labour shortages are concurrently making it difficult to hire employees. Yet, the office vacancy rate for the Greater Vancouver Area remained relatively stable in October at 5.9%. “There's a need for more office buildings and demand within the job market is strong,” said Jacobs. Areas likely to use an office and with some of the biggest growth are legal, technology, accounting, and government professions.”

Creating a “15-minute city” lends itself to sustainability, reducing commute times and reliance on personal vehicles. With the Broadway Plan, there could also be more creative use of space in the warehouse market. “Micro fulfillment might be an asset we see people exploring in the Broadway Plan,” noted Jacobs.

A “one-size-fits-all” approach to development does not fall within the Broadway Plan. Innovators with a long-term vision for growth along the Broadway Corridor may now have the ability to assess options, or risk losing out as interest rates continue to cause shifts within commercial real estate.

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For More Information, Please Contact:

Adam Jacobs

Head of Research | Canada

Toronto Downtown

Colliers Canada's head of research, leading a cross-country team of 20 mapping, analytics and research professionals. Formerly head of Canada research at Cushman Wakefield and Director of Analytics at Oxford Properties. Featured in mainstream publications such as the Toronto Star, industry publications and podcasts. Specializing in the big picture and the fundamentals driving real estate - demographics, the macro environment and the global economy. 

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Michelle Santos

Head of Content, Marketing | Canada

Vancouver - Oceanic Plaza

Michelle oversees Colliers Canada’s content program, conceptualizing and creating strategic campaigns and materials that reach target audiences via optimal channels, and meet project, client and business objectives. Collaborating with internal experts,  clients and content partners, she develops content that elevates the brand, further positions the company as an industry thought leader, and provides Colliers, its people  and its clients a competitive advantage.  

In her previous role as Communications Manager, Michelle oversaw the Canadian business' internal and external communications, content strategy for client-facing collateral, and PR program.

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